SCIENTIFIC STUDIES
The research behind virtual reality relaxation
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THE SCIENCE
OF VIRTUAL REALITY
& RELAXATION

history

Virtual Reality (VR) is not a new technology, and has over two decades of research supporting its high clinical efficacy. It is a powerful tool for the treatment of mental health & behavioural issues.

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presence

Studies have shown that Virtual Reality can evoke the same reactions, thoughts and emotions as experiences in a real-world situation. i.e. visiting a virtual beach can make you feel the same way as you would on a real beach!

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efficacy

Numerous studies have shown that Virtual Reality based treatments are more efficient and more effective at reducing stress and anxiety than some traditional techniques such as Cognitive Behavioural Therapy.

STUDIES ON RELAX VR

pre-operative anxiety

A research study was conducted at the KK Women's and Children's hospital, Singapore on 108 female patients  undergoing minor gynaecological surgery, to evaluate the efficacy and  feasibility of using Relax VR in reducing their pre-operative anxiety levels.

The study found that using Relax VR before a surgery reduced levels of:
  • Anxiety
  • Depression, and
  • Pain / Discomfort

This is one of the first works in evaluating the effects of VR during the pre-operative period in a real clinical scenario.

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intensive care

A pilot study was conducted at the surgical or trauma Intensive Care Units (ICU) at University of Florida Health on 59 not intubated adult patients, to assess the feasibility of using Relax VR to help patients to better manage stress and discomfort in an ICU. 

The main results of the study showed:
 • Reduced levels of anxiety and depression
 • Patients considered Relax VR comfortable, enjoyable, and helped them better manage their pain

The study showed that Relax VR can be easily implemented in an ICU and is well-received by the participants.

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cardiac rehabilitation

A study was conducted at the Military Institute of Medicine (Warsaw, Poland) on 65 adult patients to assess the efficacy of Relax VR in patients undergoing cardiac rehabilitation in a hospital.

The results showed reductions in the levels of anxiety-state in the group that used Relax VR, as opposed to the control group (where the levels of anxiety remained stable).

Those findings show the efficacy and viability of using Relax VR as a method to reduce the negative emotions in cardiac patients.

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palliative care

A recent study conducted at The Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, UK and at the Marie Curie Hospice Liverpool, UK explored the viability of using VR in hospital palliative care and hospice settings. A group of 12 patients and 3 caregivers used one of the 5 minute guided-relaxation meditations in Relax VR. Seven staff members also completed a brief survey to evaluate their perspectives on the use of VR in clinical scenarios.

Results showed that:
• The use of VR was well-received by patients, caregivers, and staff
• All the participants wanted to use Relax VR again
• It is feasible to integrate VR technologies in hospital and hospice settings
• The participants didn’t experience side effects or major complications.

View Paper

anxiety & stress

The Psychology Department of the Universitat de Vic - Universitat Central de Catalunya, Spain used Relax VR in a pilot study with 30 participants which examined the efficacy of VR in inducing relaxation and positive emotions in a non clinical sample.

The study found that Relax VR was able to:
  • Significantly reduce the levels of anxiety and negative emotions on the participants.
  • Promote a positive mood in the participants
  • The use of VR for relaxation represents a promising approach as a stress management tool.

View Paper

OTHER STUDIES

Virtual Reality

Virtual reality has been shown to have a number of benefits, including:

• Reduced levels of stress and inducing positive emotions when  natural scenarios are used (Anderson et al., 2017, Annerstedt et al., 2013; Liszio et al., 2018; Tanja-Dijkstra et al., 2014; Tanja-Dijkstra et al., 2018)
• Enhancing and supporting the practice of relaxation and meditation techniques when natural scenes are used (Fusco, Di Nunzio & Moccia, 2018;Freeman, Lessiter, Keogh, Bond & Chapman, 2004; Preziosa, Villani, Mantovani & Riva, 2005, Riva, Gorini & Gaggioli, 2009; Repetto et al., 2009)
• Treating anxiety-related disorders (Carl et al., 2019; Meyerbröker & Emmelkamp, 2010; Opris, Pintea, García-Palacios, Botella & Szamosköki, 2012; Parsons & Rizzo, 2008; Powers & Emmelkamp, 2008)

Aromatherapy
‍‍

Recent scientific studies have validated the utility of essential oils to improve the emotional well-being and to balance the mood in several conditions, including:

• The management of stress and anxiety in the general population (Ndao et al., 2012; Seyyed-Rasooli et al., 2016; Tugut et al., 2017; Uek et al., 2014) and in patients with cancer (Ozkaraman et al., 2018; Pimenta et al., 2016; Yayla & Ozdemir, 2019), cardiovascular diseases (Fazlollahpour-Roni et al., 2019; Hasanzadeh et al., 2016; Moslemi et al., 2019; Najafi et al., 2014) or chronic renal failure renal failure (Barati et al., 2016)
• The control of acute pain (Lamadah & Nomani, 2016; Mirzai et al., 2009; Tafazoli et al., 2011)
• To decrease the levels of depression due to its antidepressant effects (Firoozei et al., 2021; Sánchez-Vidaña et al., 2017)
• The improvement of sleep problems like insomnia (Cheong et al., 2021; Song et al., 2021)
• Highly recommended in persons with rheumatic diseases like osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and fibromyalgia (Barão et al., 2021)

Relaxation Techniques

The use of relaxation techniques such as the meditations used in Relax VR have been shown to have a number of benefits:

• Increased quality of life and emotional well-being (Varvogli & Christina Darviri, 2011)
• Reduced anxiety, stress, fatigue and/or depression (Chen, Huang, Chien & Cheng, 2017; Klanin-Yobas, Oo, Suzanne-Yew & Law, 2015, Kwekkeboom & Bratzke, 2016, Nooner, Dwyer, DeShea & Yeo, 2016; Zhou et al., 2015)
Highly recommended for individuals with insomnia (Jerath, Beveridge & Barnes, 2019, Lan et al., 2002)
• Enhanced performance and recovery in athletes (Kellmann, Pelka & Beckmann, 2018; Parnabas, Mahamood, Parnabas & Meera-Abdullah, 2014))
• Positive effects during pregnancy (Fink, Urech, Caveti & Adler, 2012; Urech, Fink, Hoesli, Wilhelm, Bitzer & Adler, 2014, Yeager, 2019)

Binaural Beats

The use of binaural beats and binaural beat music affect the listeners’ cognitive and emotional state. The scientific literature has shown its benefits in: 

• Inducing relaxation (McConnell et al., 2014; Nawaz et al., 2018)
• Reducing the levels anxiety (Le Scouarnec et al., 2001; Wahbeh et al., 2007) and recovering from stress (Kelton et al., 2021) in the general population as well as in military members (Bustamante-Sánchez et al., 2020; Gantt, et al., 2017)
• Reducing anxiety and stress in medical settings (Kurdi & Gasti, 2018; Padmanabhan et al., 2005; Schmid et al., 2020; Weiland et al., 2011)
 • Controlling the levels of acute (Dabu-Bondoc et al., 2010; Ecsy et al., 2017; Kurdi & Gasti, 2018; Roshani et al., 2019) and chronic pain (Zampi, 2016)
• Improving sleep quality (Abeln et al., 2014; Bakaeva et al., 2021; Bang et al., 2019; Shumov et al., 2020)

We partner with leading
international research institutions

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Anxiety and stress
UVIC-UCC, Catalonia, Spain
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Universidad de Cordoba, Argentina
KK Women's and Children's Hospital, Singapore
University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg, Germany
Pain
Pre-Operative Anxiety
Stress management

Project

Partner

Design
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Implementation

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Data Analysis
Dissemination
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